Wednesday, November 14, 2018

State and U.S. jobless rates fall to 

record lows in September

By Allen Jones, TEXPERS Communications Manager

A key economic indicator, the unemployment rate, continues to fall in the U.S. and Texas is among states showing continued job growth in September.

The state’s unemployment rate fell to 3.8 percent in September, down from 3.9 percent in August, according to data from the Texas Workforce Commission. The September unemployment rate is the lowest in four decades.

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The state added 15,600 nonfarm jobs in September, helping to continue boosting Texas’ annual employment growth streak. Nonfarm is the compiled name for goods, construction, and manufacturing companies in the U.S. and it doesn’t include farm workers, private household employees, or nonprofit organizational employees. Texas’ annual employment growth was 3.3 percent in September, resulting in 27 consecutive months of year-over-year job growth.

“Texas employers continue to contribute to our state’s success with private-sector employers adding 16,700 jobs in September and accounting for an impressive 402,500 jobs over the year,” said Ruth Ruggero Hughs, chair of the Texas Workforce Commission. “Texas’ continued addition of jobs over a 27-month period demonstrates the competitive advantage and market opportunities available to our Texas employers and world-class workforce.”

The Texas Workforce Commission, the state agency charged with overseeing and providing workforce development services to employers and job seekers, also notes in its Oct. 19 unemployment report, that the construction industry added 3,000 jobs since August. Other high-growth industries included manufacturing with 2,800 positions. The mining and logging industry added 2,600 jobs since August.

According to the agency, the Midland Metropolitan Statistical Area had the lowest unemployment rate among the state’s economic geographical regions. The Midland area had an unemployment rate of 2.2 percent, followed by the Amarillo MSA and the Odessa MSA which had the second lowest with a rate of 2.7 percent. The Austin-Round Rock and College Station-Bryan MSAs recorded the third lowest rate of 2.9 percent for the month.
Much of the U.S. is experiencing decreases in unemployment. The U.S. unemployment rate was 3.7 percent in September. The national unemployment rate declined by .2 percent from August to 6 million people in September, according to a U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics report.

That is its lowest level since the Vietnam War, according to an article in The Wall Street Journal, in which Andrew Chamberlain, the chief economist at recruiting site Glassdoor, called it “the best job market in a generation or more.”

A highlight among September’s national unemployment rate: The unemployment rate for women in the U.S. is the lowest it has been in more than six decades, according to a September jobs report released last month by the U.S. Department of Labor.

“The unemployment rate for women was 3.6 percent, the lowest in 65 years,” said U.S. Secretary of Labor Alexander Acosta in a prepared statement.

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 134,000 jobs and was spurred by job gains in professional and business services, health care, transportation and warehousing. Jobless rates haven’t been that low since 1969, according to labor department data.

Last year, the unemployment rate for September was 4.2 percent, according to the labor department’s online database.


Lofty policy issues could shift 

lawmakers' focus off of public pensions 


The November 2018 general election is over and Texas is now readying for the 86th legislative session, which starts Jan. 8. Legislators have some lofty policy issues to address and may not have local public employee pensions at the forefront as was the case during the 85th legislative session in 2017.

Pre-filing for the 86th regular session of the Texas legislature began Nov. 12. Although pensions aren’t expected to be the focus of the legislative session, a few bills are looking to strengthen benefits for retired educators.

As of Nov. 14, House Bill 56 by Rep. Armando Martinez, D-Weslaco, would establish cost-of-living adjustments on pensions for retired teachers. Also, Senate Bills 92, 93 and 94, all authored by Sen. Jose Menéndez, D-San Antonio, would add a supplemental “13th payment” for retirees and otherwise shore up the Teacher Retirement System, according to an update provided by TEXPERS’ lobbying firm, HillCo Partners.

By end of day Nov. 12, legislators filed more than 400 bills. A sampling of the legislation propose raising wages, strengthening workplace benefits, expanding health care and improving access to higher education. Several measures address the problem of sexual harassment. Capital insiders see costs related to Hurricane Harvey and disaster recovery, school safety, local property taxes, mental health, and public school funding among the session’s top priorities, however.

The general election brought about transition at the Congressional level and the Texas legislature. Nationally, Democrats took control of the House in Congress turning at least 25 seats from Republican to Democrat but lost a few seats in the Senate. The outcome from an unprecedented voter turnout in a midterm election resulted in a split Congress. In the Texas legislature, the Senate saw two incumbents lose their seats bringing the 31-member Senate to 19 Republicans and 12 Democrats. The Texas House will have 12 new Democrats bringing the 150-member body to a 67 Democrat and 83 Republican membership (at the time of this writing).

At the federal level, several races and candidates received voter and media attention rare for a midterm election cycle. The race between incumbent U.S. Sen. Ted Cruz, R-Texas, and Democratic challenger Beto O’Rourke captured national attention and created voter enthusiasm in Texas. Ultimately, Senator Cruz defeated his Democratic challenger by 3 points.

Along with the national dialogue, the Cruz-O’Rourke race was a cause for the projection of a larger voter turnout than in prior midterm elections. Two Republican held Congressional seats, Congressional District 7 from the Houston area and Congressional District 32 in suburban northeastern Dallas, switched to Democrat.

Going into the general election, the Texas Legislature had 94 contested House races and 13 contested Senate seats. After votes were counted on election night, 12 House Republican seats went Democrat, with 2 seats in the Texas Senate being won by the Democratic candidate.

Bill Miller, co-founding partner of HillCo Partners, made this statement prior to Tuesday’s general election regarding the House contests, “Among state House races, it is uncertain how many Democrats will win competitive elections, but it is virtually certain more Democrats will be added to the House.”

“The net result for pensions,” he says, “is less pressure from the conservative Republican wing to change the status quo.”

Republicans still maintain control of the Texas Senate and House. However, the gain by Democrats in the House provided an appreciable impact to the most critical function that occurred the first day the 86th Texas House convened: electing a speaker. With Speaker Straus announcing his resignation, the speaker’s office became an “open seat,” something that has not occurred in over a decade. Rep. Dennis Bonnen, R-Angleton, received enough support from House members to become the next speaker.

When legislators convene in January, several policy issues will need addressing, which may shift their focus from local public employee pensions.

“Public pension issues may not have the focus the likes of which were on the table during the 85th session,” says Eddie Solis, who represents TEXPERS as a lobbyist with HillCo Partners in Austin.

During the 85th interim, House and Senate committees with jurisdiction over pensions received updates regarding the pension reform legislation passed last session and the state’s Pension Review Board has continued discussing remedies local plans are proposing as required by Funding Soundness Restoration Plans to resolve issues identified by both the pension system and respective sponsoring entities. The PRB continues to research how local plans are working with their respective cities to address funding issues.

TEXPERS continues to track political happenings that could impact pensions at the state and federal level. Members may log in to their member portals at for legislative updates throughout the 2019 session.