The report, “Social Security Administration: Management Oversight Needed to Ensure Accurate Treatment of State and Local Government Employees,” says that 53 percent of public employees in Texas would not have Social Security benefits available to them because they don’t pay into the system during their years of service to municipalities.
The report provides a number of additional background points and factoids that interested public pension observers should know. Here are some introductory excerpts about the federal government’s relationship to Texas’ public employees, present and future:
When the Social Security Act was passed in 1935, state and local government employees were excluded from Social Security. As a result, some state and local government workers who were not covered by a retirement system were left without benefits when they retired. To help these employees, in 1950, Congress added section 218 to the Social Security Act allowing states to enter into voluntary agreements to provide Social Security coverage to certain state and local government employees….Within a year of this amendment, about 30 states had executed section 218 agreements with the Social Security Administration.
Subsequently, additional amendments to the Social Security Act changed Social Security and Medicare coverage for state and local government workers. Starting in 1991, the Social Security Act required all state and local government employees to be covered by Social Security if they were not covered by a qualifying state or local retirement system.On page 11 of the report, the GAO provides the following map summary, showing that Texas is among 5 states who has less than 50 percent of its state and local government employees enrolled in Social Security:
More recently, Social Security has projected future financial shortfalls in its programs. According to Social Security’s Board of Trustees, the program’s annual surpluses of tax income over expenditures are expected to turn to cash flow deficits this year  before turning positive again in 2012. In addition, all of the accumulated Treasury obligations held by the trust funds are expected to be exhausted by 2037. Once exhausted, annual program revenue will be sufficient to pay only about 78 percent of scheduled benefits in 2037 (and gradually declining to 75 percent by 2084), according to the Social Security trustees’ 2010 intermediate assumptions.
Many options have been proposed to help assure the financial stability of Social Security, among them requiring all newly hired public employees to participate in the program. Although this approach could improve Social Security’s finances at least temporarily and would simplify Social Security as it pertains to public employees, we have previously reported that such a change could also result in increased costs for the affected governments and their employees.[emphasis added.]